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China's grain production's history


In 70 years, China's grain production has stepped up to a new level, changing from a shortage of grain supply in general to a basic balance of supply and demand. The country’s grain output stood at 657.89 million tons in 2018. In 1949, the grain output was only 113.18 million tons. In 70 years, agricultural science and technology, such as water-saving irrigation and plastic film mulching, have been widely promoted and contributed much to agricultural production. Currently, China supplies 95 percent of its own needs for grain. In 2001-2018, soybean accounted for 75.4 percent of imported grains, and the two main staple grains of rice and wheat together accounted for less than 6 percent. China plans to maintain a grain planting area of above 110 million and a comprehensive grain production capacity of above 600 million tons. At present, the country has 134.88 million hectares of cultivated land, an increase of more than 4.8 million hectares over 1996. There are more than 117 million hectares sown with grain.
To encourage farmers to grow grain, increase their employment prospects and incomes, and protect them from low grain prices and problems in selling their output, the government has, over specified periods, on specific grain varieties in specific regions, and in accordance with specific prices, carried out procurement policies including minimum purchase price procurement and temporary state collection and storage. Since 2016, China has gradually improved the minimum purchase price policy for rice and wheat, further reduced the proportion of policy procurement.